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Kamay Botany Bay Environmental Education Centre

Kamay Botany Bay Environmental Education Centre

NSW Department of Education Teachers

Telephone02 9668 9889 / 0477 742 284


Stage 3 - The Australian Colonies

Stage 3- history


Kamay Botany Bay Environmental Education Centre, Kamay Botany Bay National Park, Kurnell


Students will use a variety of sources to investigate significant developments, events, and their impact on Australian colonies. They will utilise historical artefacts, photographs and other resources which will provide a window into the past.  This will help clarify the factors that influenced settlement patterns in Australia, with a particular focus on Kamay Botany Bay National Park.


  • HT3-1 describes and explains the significance of people, groups, places and events to the development of Australia
  • HT3-2 describes and explains different experiences of people living in Australia over time
  •  HT3-5 applies a variety of skills of historical inquiry and communication

Key inquiry questions

  • What do we know about the lives of people in Australia's colonial past and how do we know?
  • How did an Australian colony develop over time and why?
  • How did colonial settlement change the environment?
  • What were the significant events and who were the significant people that shaped Australian colonies?

Student will

  • Visit Alpha farmhouse to study and sketch its features while learning about artifacts that give us clues about how people lived in the past.
  • Consider and question the impact of settlement on Aboriginal people and their environment.
  • Explore the rock platform food resources.
  • Study the sculptures and learn about totems through the whale dreaming story.
  • Use GPS devices to collect historical facts/perspectives.

Learning across the curriculum content

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures
  • Sustainability
  • Critical and creative thinking
  • Information and communication technology capability
  • Personal and social capability


View The Australian Colonies excursion outline